Basic machines needed to start a shoes factory
What shoe making equipment do you need to open a real shoe factory? I will be through a mass production shoe factory and detail all the shoe manufacturing equipment you will need to do it right. If you are looking for hand tools for shoemaking that will be on my next post . but for this i am focusing on full scale shoe production .
the first operations in the manufacturing process are the cutting and marking operations. The factory uses cutting presses, also called clicker cutting machines. that when all shoe patten as been drafted and converted to cutting blade.
Footwear logo application
After the shoe parts are cut and marked for assembly, they may need to have logos added. Logos are added by silk screen printings, embroidery, or heat welding.
Footwear upper stitching
The sewing machines come in many types: post, long arm, short arm, etc. The stitching line will have hundreds of these machines, the amount depending on the complexity of the shoe design. The style of the machine will also change to fit the specific operations required to make each shoe design.
Shoe assembly process
With the shoe ready for assembly, it’s time to bring out the heavy equipment. The basic assembly line is about 100 yards long. On the front of the line, you will find a steamer to soften the shoe uppers, preparing them for lasting. The lasting machines are used to get the uppers pulled down tight onto the shoe lasts.
The toe lasting machine is the centerpiece of the lasting equipment. This machine takes hold of the upper and physically pulls it down around the last. The machine simultaneously pulls the upper into place while injecting hot glue to fix the uppers into place on the last. Once the toe lasting is complete,
Footwear Primer and Cement
Now the lasted uppers and outsoles are on the conveyor line together, each receiving two coats each for cementing . After each application, the parts are placed back on the line to travel through a heat tunnel to dry the parts.
Once the parts are fully primed and covered with cement it is time to join the parts together. A worker takes the upper and sole in-hand, fitting them together. Once the parts are fit, a pressing operation ensures the bonding surfaces are completely in contact.
The pressing operation compresses the bottom, sides, and heel of the sole and upper together. To set the bond, the lasted upper with the bottom attached is often placed in a chiller unit. Once out of the chiller unit, the shoe is de-lasted by hand or by machine. Depending on the design of the shoe, there may be just a few operations left. A possible process is for a shot to receive channel stitching from a special oversized sewing machine that can stitch through the rubber outsole and the entire upper.
Finally, the shoe may pass through a dryer oven and UV light tunnel to ensure there is no possibility of mold growth while the shoe is in transit